Wednesday, 21 August 2013

Check out the website i made !!

Monday, 10 June 2013

Node.js and real-time applications

Hey there guys , posting after a long long time . Was a bit busy and stuff .
          So let's talk about node.js . What is node.js ? It is a server-side software system that can be used to write scalable web applications . As the name suggests , all the code is basically written in javascript .

So what makes node stand out from conventional server side solutions such as php/jsp or other such stuff ? The main advantage of using node.js is it's advanced push capability . That is server can push information to the client in real time , whenever there is a change in the web page or new content is added which means it enables persistent connection between your page and the web server . Node.js uses a non-blocking event driven I/O . In node each persistent connection won't block other requests .Other languages like php sets up a new server process for each connection and we might end up with using a lot of cpu resources . Thus nodejs is suitable for handling many persistent connections at once without using up a huge amount of resources .

To get the best out of node , use Socket.IO and redis . So what is ? Socket.IO enables you to broadcast data to clients based on a certain event . It uses websockets protocol primarily if present , but it can use other methods too like Adobe flash sockets , JSONP polling , ajax , long polling . It allows us to have almost "instant" feedback from the server . Redis is a in-memory , key:value store . Redis supports abstract data types like hashes , sets and lists . Also the pub-sub system allows you to subscribe to messages from a certain channel and so on which can be used for notification systems , chat rooms and so on.

Saturday, 30 March 2013

Denying access to a particular folder on your web server

Suppose you have a directory in your web server which contains sensitive files like files containing database connection passwords , app-secret id's for using 3rd party services etc . You want to block access to that particular folder . So how are you going to do it ? Well it's pretty simple . Just add a .htaccess file to that folder . Open it up , and add the following lines :-

Order deny,allow
deny from all

This will deny access to any files in that folder . Remember that all those files in the folder can be accessed only if you add a require , include directive in a file on the server-side . However ajax calls or any sort of client request won't work on the files of that directory .

Friday, 29 March 2013

PHP Tutorial . Chapter 5 . PHP Control Statements ( Part 2 - Loops 1 (For Loop) )

While writing your code , you might encounter situations when you might want to execute the same set of statements over and over again . PHP like other programming languages implements this in the form of loops . There are three types of looping constructs commonly used in php - for , while , foreach . The last one is usually used for resources , associative arrays .

1) For Loop

The following piece of code illustrates the use of a for loop .

for($i=1 ; $i<=10 ; $i++)
       echo $i."<b/>";

The above code will print 1 to 10 on different lines . So how does this work ? First we assign $i = 1 . Then when the loop executes each time , the condition $i<=10 . The statements inside the looping construct are executed only if this condition is true . Then the value of the variable i is incremented .

The given code can also be written as the following . It is an example of a loop where no statements are within the control statement itself . We assign the variable out of the loop and also the conditions are checked for and the variable is incremented inside the loop .

echo $i++."<br/>";

The only thing that may sound unfamiliar to guys who are new to programming is the break statement . Whenever a break statement is encountered , the loop is terminated then and there . There is also something called continue , which is the opposite of break , continue ends the loop over there and starts a new loop .

Saturday, 23 March 2013

Off the grid ...

Hello guys :) I am posting after a long time , it may be yet another couple of weeks until i can get back to blogging regularly , owing to exams/competitions etc etc . Please bear with me :) I Promise to be back with nice tutes and awesome hacks !! Till then cya :) Bye !!

Wednesday, 27 February 2013

Working with XML in PHP

Hey guys !! Writing an article after a long long time !! Been a month since i last wrote an article (courtesy mid semester exams) . So today i will give you a basic intro as to how you will load an xml file in php and add stuff to it . It's applications ? Well you may have a sitemap which is to be uploaded in real time as more links are added to your website . Or say you want to store data in xml format and would make an ajax call to the file etc .

 Example of a sitemap.xml file :-

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<urlset xmlns="">

So how can you open up and edit an XML File ?
Consider the following fragment of code :

$xml = new DOMDocument();

$root = $xml-&gt;firstChild;
$newElem = $xml-&gt;createElement('url');
$txt = $xml-&gt;createTextNode("http://localhost/account/id/example");

Let us consider the fragment of code line by line :
The first line creates a new object , which might be used to represent an entire HTML/XML document . Since both xml and html semantics are identical , so this can be used for creating/editing html too . The next line will load the file as given by the location . The next line selects the first child of the document root (since we specified $xml as document root in the first line , if you pass along any other element , the first child of that element will be selected) . In the example i cited above the element is selected . In the following line i create a new element with the name (like the other url's i created before as given in the example) . To push this new element into we use the appendChild method in the next line . Finally we have to populate the element with some contents , preferably in the form of text . For that we use the createTextNode method in the following line , followed by appendChild like before . Then the last and final , but the most important step , which is saving the file . For that we use the save method which takes as a parameter the path to the xml file .

Sunday, 3 February 2013

PHP Tutorial . Chapter 5 . PHP Control Statements (Part 1 if-else statement)

What fun is programming if you don't have control over the code ? Best coding practices include writing code that responds differently to different situations . Suppose you have a code let's say , which takes in the type of an employee in an office and accordingly outputs the salary for that position , lets say , what would you do ?

( Cookies again for C Programmers , this section is actually same as the if-else you were accustomed to before !! )

The most popular control statement in any programming language is the if-else construct . So how to use the if else construct ? Let's follow the following example and things will seem pretty easy then .

Algorithm :


Lets say that we have a variable that stores the type of an employee at an office . We will check that variable and print out the corresponding salary .

$a = "General Manager";

if($a=="General Manager")
echo "1000000";
else if($a=="CEO")
echo "2000000";
else if($a=="Chairman")
echo "3000000";


The above code outputs 1000000 .

Also an important aspect of php code is that it continues from the last block . Suppose you have a file containing both php and html . You have a block of php code , then you have some html and then again a block of php code , php will continue from the last line of the previous block . This will be clear from the following example .


$a = 5 ;

echo "The number is equal to 5
echo "Now it's value is :- ".$a."
else if($a>5)

echo "The number is greater than 5
echo "Also this statement is in the second php block

echo "The number is lesser than 5
echo "Also this statement is in the second php block


This code won't show any error even though the else-if block is spread across the two blocks . This is quite a flexible feature !! It comes in handy if you want to place some html code within the conditions or within an incomplete block .